WHAT IT TAKES TO BE A DOCTOR IN KENYA
In Kenya, to be considered a trained doctor approved by the by the Kenya Medical Practitioners and Dentist Board, one must have achieved all of the following:
- A first degree in internal Medicine & Surgery(MBchB). The subjects involved in this 5 year program include many disciplines in internal medicine and surgery.
- After earning the degree, one must then serve as an intern in a government hospital supervised by consultants for one year (residency).
- After completion of the above one can choose to work as a General practitioner or proceed to specialize (master) in any of the disciplines in internal medicine or surgery and they are then considered as specialist or masters.
- One can proceed further to be study further (sub specialization).
- Must be licensed by the Kenya Medical Practitioners and dentist board
- There are agreements with other medical /and or surgical boards all over the world whose members can practice in Kenya without further training.
An allergist is a physician trained to prevent, diagnose, manage, and treat allergic disease. As a result of extensive study and training, allergists/immunologists are highly qualified to manage immune system disorders such as allergies, asthma, inherited immunodeficiency diseases, and autoimmune diseases.
Anesthesiologists – A doctor who has studied administration of anesthetic medicines used during surgery.
Cardiologist – A doctor who has studied and specialized in diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases
Clinical Psychologist – A doctor who has studied & specialized in the diagnosis, counseling and treatment of social, emotional and behavioral conditions. This is a medical doctor as opposed to a counseling psychologist
Critical care, intensive care doctor – is a doctor of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions requiring sophisticated organ support and invasive monitoring. This may include support for instability hypertension, or respiratory compromise (such as ventilator support), acute renal failure, potentially lethal cardiac heart pulse or heart rhythm, or the cumulative effects of multiple organ failure, more commonly referred to now as multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, intensive/invasive monitoring, such as the crucial hours after major surgery when a patient is deemed too unstable to transfer to a less intensively monitored unit.
Dermatologist – A doctor who has specialized in skin, treatment, its structure, functions, and diseases, as well as its appendages (nails, hair, sweat glands). They also treat venereal diseases which often manifest via the skin.
Endocrinologist – A doctor who diagnoses diseases related to the glands (endocrine system). The diseases they are trained to treat often affect other parts of the body beyond glands. The overall goal of treatment is to restore the normal balance of hormones found in a patient’s body. Some of the more common conditions treated by endocrinologists include Menopause, diabetes, metabolic disorders, lack of growth, Osteoporosis, thyroid diseases, cancers of the endocrine glands, over- or under-production of hormone, cholesterol disorders, hypertension, Infertility e.t.c
E.N.T specialist – Also known as Otolaryngologists is a doctor who treats the ear, the nose and the throat as well as the head and the neck.
Epidemiologist – a medical scientist who studies the transmission and control of epidemic diseases. The cornerstone of public health
Gastroentologist – A doctor who specializes in diseases of the digestive system
Geriatrics or geriatric medicine is a doctor who focuses on health care of elderly people. It aims to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. There is no set age at which patients may be under the care of a geriatrician or geriatric physician, a physician who specializes in the care of elderly people. Rather, this decision is determined by the individual patient’s needs, and the availability of a specialist.
General practitioner (primary care physician) – A doctor who has studied for a medical degree & passed his internship but has not specialized in any field
Gynecologist – A doctor who has specialized in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system
Hematologist – A doctor who has studied & treats blood and its related diseases
Hepatologist – A doctor who studies and treats the liver
Infectious disease doctor – A doctor concerned with disease caused by a biological agent such as by a virus, bacterium or parasite
Immunologist – A doctor responsible for investigating the functions of the body’s immune system and applying this knowledge in order to diagnose and monitor a range of diseases and disorders. They are concerned with understanding the development and effects of abnormal immune responses, which are associated with conditions including autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiencies, allergies and transplant rejection. Immunologists work within clinical and academic settings, as well as in industrial research. Their role often involves characterizing and measuring components of the immune system, including cells, antibodies and other proteins. They develop new therapies, treatments and vaccines, looking at how to improve methods for treating different conditions.
Nephrologist – A doctor who studies and treats the kidneys
Neurologist – A doctor who has studied and specialized in the diagnosis & treatment of the brain and the nervous system. He/She is not a neurosurgeon
Obstetrician – |A doctor who has specialized in the medical management of normal pregnancy and its complications, and the delivery of babies
Oncologist – A doctor who has specialized in diagnosis, & therapy and follow-up of cancer (tumors- abnormal growths).
Ophthalmologist – A doctor who has studied the eye and treats or performs eye surgery.
Palliative care is a holistic, multi-disciplinary approach that includes specialized medical care for people with serious illnesses. It focuses on providing patients with relief from the symptoms, pain, and stresses of a serious illness—whatever the diagnosis. The goal is to improve quality of life for both the patient and the family
Pain specialists, or pain medicine doctors, are experts at diagnosing the cause of pain and then treating it. Anesthesiologists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons most frequently specialize in pain management. Some psychiatrists also specialize in pain management
Pathologist – A pathologist is a physician who examines tissues, checks the accuracy of lab tests, and interprets the results in order to facilitate the patient’s diagnosis and treatment. He or she works closely with the patient’s other doctors and is a vital member of the patient’s primary health care team. Pathologists work in many areas of the medical laboratory and often serve as the Lab Director. Contrary to popular depictions of this career, the task of performing autopsies constitutes just a small part of the typical pathologist’s practice.
Pathologist clinical oversees lab tests conducted on body fluids. For instance, together with clinical lab technologists, pathologists work to ensure that blood and blood products are safe. In microbiology, pathologists identify microorganisms that can cause infections – bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites – so that the most effective treatment can be selected for each particular case
Pathologist anatomic assists surgeons during operations by providing immediate diagnoses on biopsies (specially treated tissues removed in surgery and rushed to the lab).
Pathologist forensic uses lab science to answer questions about evidence collected for criminal and civil cases. Other pathologists conduct research in pathology, developing new tests and new instruments to better diagnose diseases.
Pediatrician – A doctor who has studied the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. There are several sub specializations in Pediatrics e.g. Neonatologist – sub specialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units
Physician – all physicians are doctors but not all doctors are physicians. “Physician,” applies only to those who completed their doctorate in the practice of medicine.
Public Health Specialist – Public Health Specialists apply professional, technical and managerial expertise to evaluate the impact of environmental contamination on public health. Activities include investigating and assessing human exposure to hazardous chemicals, evaluating remedial activities, and communicating health assessments. Public Health Specialists are asked to interpret complex environmental and health data and recognize the issues and concerns of government agencies and members of the public.
Pulmonologist – A doctor who has studied and specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases/ conditions of the lungs and the respiratory tract Also known as a chest physician
Psychiatrist -A doctor who has studied & specialized in the diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness. Although often confused with a counseling psychologist, he can prescribe medicine while the other one cannot.
Rheumatologists deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorders. Rheumatology (is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases).
Sleep medicine is a medical specialty or sub specialty devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders
Sport and exercise medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
Travel medicine specialist – A doctor who has studied & specialized in the diagnosis & treatment of the disease common in international travelers, for example thrombosis.
Tropical medicine specialist – A doctor who has studied & specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that generally occurs in the tropics, for example malaria, cholera, typhoid and dysentery
Urologist – a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Because of the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties is required of the urologist. Urology is classified as a surgical sub specialty